Pearl Harbor Day 2021: A True Day of Remembrance!
On this day, December 7th, 2021, we acknowledge the 80th anniversary of the Japanese attacks on the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor.
The surprise attacks, which ultimately led to United States involvement in World War II sadly took the lives of roughly 2,400 Americans and wounded over 1,650 more. In total, the United States lost nearly 20 ships and 300 airplanes.
Pearl Harbor Breakdown:
- On December 6th, 1941, the United States intercepted a message from the Japanese inquiring about the berthing positions of several ships at Pearl Harbor.
- The cryptologist relayed the message to her superior who later said that he’d circle back with her on Monday, Dec., 8th, 1964.
- On Sunday, Dec., 7th, 1941, a radar operator on Oahu saw an incredibly large group of airplanes on his screen, his superior told him that it was most likely U.S. B-17 bombers, and not to worry.
- At 7:55 A.M. on December 7th, the Japanese attack began on Pearl Harbor.
- The entire attack only lasted a reported 75 minutes.
- Oddly enough, the Japanese planned on giving the United States a declaration of war before their attack began in an attempt to not violate the first article of the Hague Convention of 1907.
- The message was unfortunately delayed and was not received by the United States in Washington, D.C. until the attack was already in progress.
- The Japanese moved swiftly with 40 torpedo planes, 103 level bombers, 131 dive-bombers, and 79 fighters. They also used two heavy cruisers, 35 submarines, two light cruisers, nine oilers, two battleships, and 11 destroyers.
- On December 8th, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave a speech to a joint session of Congress, in which he said one of the most famous quotes in American history: “a date which will live in infamy.”
Here’s President Roosevelt’s entire speech:
“Mr. Vice President, Mr. Speaker, Members of the Senate, and of the House of Representatives:
Yesterday, December 7th, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its government and its emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific.
Indeed, one hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in the American island of Oahu, the Japanese ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to our Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. And while this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or of armed attack.
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time, the Japanese government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. I regret to tell you that very many American lives have been lost. In addition, American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.
Yesterday, the Japanese government also launched an attack against Malaya.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked Guam.
Last night, Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night, the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
And this morning, the Japanese attacked Midway Island.
Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday and today speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our nation.
As commander in chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory.
I believe that I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make it very certain that this form of treachery shall never again endanger us.
Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.
With confidence in our armed forces, with the unbounding determination of our people, we will gain the inevitable triumph—so help us God.
I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire.”
Every year in the United States, thousands of people head to the Pearl Harbor National Memorial and Visitors’ Center to pay their respects to those who lost their lives in the attacks, and the subsequent battle that followed.
Due to COVID-19, all visitors who are over the age of two will be required to wear a mask within the confines of the Center itself, both inside and outside of the buildings.
The highlight of the proceedings will be the Pearl Harbor Memorial Parade – this year, the theme of the parade will be “remembering our past while celebrating that once bitter enemies can become friends and allies.”
For more information, click here.
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